2020

Make & Model Rankings

Published by CarMD, December 2020

The 2020 CarMD® Vehicle Health Index™ Make and Model Reliability Rankings studies and ranks in-use vehicles and brands based on frequency of check engine light problems and then separately on average cost of repairs. In this report you will find the following:

  • 10 brands with the lowest repair incidents/lowest average car repair costs
  • 10 vehicles by year, make and model with the fewest repair incidents/lowest average repair costs
  • Top three vehicles by category

Published annually since 2011, the CarMD Vehicle Health Index Make and Model Reliability Rankings is the only ranking that statistically measures check engine failures and repair costs. While other industry reports often rely on subjective survey data, we base our figures on statistical analyses reported directly from model year 1996 to current vehicles on the road in the U.S. over the past year, which is more comprehensive than many first-year owner surveys and studies. To achieve this unmatched level of accuracy, we have analyzed the vehicle data and health of more than 15.5 million in-use vehicles manufactured from 1996 to 2020 reporting check engine health between Oct. 1, 2019 and Sept. 30, 2020.

Highlights


CarMD® 2020 Vehicle Health Index™ Make & Model Rankings Highlights

CarMD found that over the past year, Mitsubishi ranked no. 1 as the brand least likely to have a check engine light on. Mitsubishi is followed by Mercedes (no. 2) and Volkswagen (no. 3).

The 2018 Toyota Tacoma is the vehicle least likely to have a check engine light on among the 10,145 different model year 1996 to 2020 vehicles analyzed by CarMD in 2020.

The vehicle brand with the lowest average repair cost for CHECK ENGINE problems in 2020? Kia, which had an average parts & labor estimate of $322.

The 2018 Hyundai Tucson had the lowest average car repair cost.

10 Makes Least Likely to Have a Check Engine Light On
CarMD studied data from more than15.5 million vehicles from many sources to help identify the makes/brands least likely to need check engine repairs. To rank these brands, CarMD developed an Index frequency score formulated by the lowest percentage of repair incidents per percentage of vehicle population. The lower the score the higher the vehicle make ranking. From this data, CarMD found the following brands were least likely to need a check engine repair over the past year:

Rank – Least Likely Brand CarMD Index
Frequency Score 2019*
Year-Over-Year Comparison
1 Mitsubishi 0.66 from no. 2
2 Mercedes 0.74 from no. 1
3 Volkswagen 0.81 Not listed in 2019
4 Buick 0.84 from no. 3
5 Ford 0.89 No change
6 Mazda 0.93 Not listed in 2019
7 BMW 0.94 Not listed in 2019
8 GMC 0.97 Not listed in 2019
9 Subaru 0.99 from no. 10
10 Cadillac 0.99 Not listed in 2019

*The lower the Index frequency score, the higher the ranking.
(Top 10 vehicle makes by repair frequency based on model year 1996-2020 vehicles inspected between Oct. 1, 2019 and Sept. 30, 2020, and determined to have the fewest percentage of CarMD repair incidents, per vehicle population. Sources: CarMD.com Corp., with vehicle population data provided by R.L. Polk.)

10 Vehicles Least Likely to Have a Check Engine Light On
Any given brand can have a mix of very reliable vehicles as well as some that are inherently known to have more frequent issues. And vehicle reliability can vary from year to year, particularly when a substantial model change occurs. For this reason, our Index drills down to rank vehicles by year, make and model. Four Toyotas, three Hondas, one Hyundai, one Ford and one Nissan comprise this list of 10 vehicles with the lowest check engine light-related repair frequency among the 10,145 different model year 1996 to 2020 vehicles on the road over the past year.

Rank Year Brand/Make Model CarMD Index Frequency Score 2020
1 2018 TOYOTA TACOMA 0.041
2 2015 HONDA CR-V 0.050
3 2018 TOYOTA CAMRY 0.055
4 2017 HONDA ACCORD 0.060
5 2017 TOYOTA TACOMA 0.061
6 2018 HYUNDAI SANTA FE SPORT 0.061
7 2014 HONDA CR-V 0.065
8 2017 FORD EXPLORER 0.073
9 2018 NISSAN ROGUE 0.079
10 2016 TOYOTA TACOMA 0.080

(Source: CarMD)

10 Brands with Lowest Average Repair Cost
Of the 19.5 million unique vehicles analyzed by CarMD as needing repairs this past year, which brands cost their owners the least? CarMD found that the brand with the lowest average check engine-related repair cost again this year was Kia ($322). Ranking second is Chrysler ($332), moving up from fourth. Mazda ($339) dropped a spot from second to third. Hyundai dropped from third to fourth with an average cost of $352. Rounding out the top five Dodge, which remains in fifth. Joining this year’s list of the 10 vehicle makes with the lowest average repair costs is Jeep, which was not listed in the top 10 last year.

Rank Make Average Check Engine Light
Repair Cost
Year-Over-Year Comparison
(2018 ranking/cost)
1 Kia $322.43 No change – No. 1 ($321.43)
2 Chrysler $332.83 No. 4 ($337.73)
3 Mazda $339.35 No. 2 ($332.38)
4 Hyundai $352.41 No. 3 ($333.01)
5 Dodge $355.92 No change—No. 5 ($349.50)
6 Jeep $359.13 Not listed in 2019
7 Chevrolet $375.78 No. 6 ($366.54)
8 Ford $381.63 No. 9 ($385.15)
9 GMC $384.40 No. 7 ($375.73)
10 Volkswagen $413.06 No. 8 ($379.63)

(Source: CarMD)
(Top 10 vehicle manufacturers based on model year 1996-2020 vehicles inspected by CarMD’s network, found to need repairs and receiving parts and labor estimates between Oct. 1, 2019 and Sept. 30, 2020.)

10 Vehicles with Lowest Average Repair Cost
When the check engine light comes on, here are the 10 vehicles with the lowest average repair cost among the 10,145 different year, make and model vehicles on the road today.

Rank Year Brand/Make Model Average Check Engine
Light-Related
Car Repair Cost
1 2018 HYUNDAI TUCSON $33.80
2 2019 SUBARU IMPREZA $37.74
3 2016 MERCEDES-BENZ GLE $39.79
4 2017 MITSUBISHI MIRAGE $57.14
5 2018 KIA SOUL $69.69
6 2017 MITSUBISHI OUTLANDER SPORT $72.56
7 2019 HONDA HR-V $73.45
8 2017 HYUNDAI TUCSON $75.35
9 2018 SUBARU LEGACY $78.09
10 2017 SUBARU LEGACY $79.93

(Source: CarMD)


Top Three Vehicles by Category – 2020 CarMD® Vehicle Health Index Make & Vehicle Rankings & Lists

The following is a list of the top three vehicles by category using data reported from Oct. 1, 2019 through Sept. 30, 2020, according to CarMD, which based its ranking on the used vehicles with the fewest and those with the lowest cost check engine-related problems reported by or to our network:

Wait, there’s more


If you’re interested in more info on the current state of vehicle health, download the PDF below. What you see on this page is only about 10% of all the info we have to offer – don’t miss the rest!

Stats


By ranking vehicles

(The Top 100 Vehicles in the U.S. (MY 1996-2019) with the fewest “check engine”-related problems reported from Oct. 1, 2019 and Sept. 30, 2020)

Rank Year Make Model Index Frequency Score
1. 2018 TOYOTA TACOMA 0.041
2. 2015 HONDA CR-V 0.050
3. 2018 TOYOTA CAMRY 0.055
4. 2017 HONDA ACCORD 0.060
5. 2017 TOYOTA TACOMA 0.061
6. 2018 HYUNDAI SANTA FE SPORT 0.061
7. 2014 HONDA CR-V 0.065
8. 2017 FORD EXPLORER 0.073
9. 2018 NISSAN ROGUE 0.079
10. 2016 TOYOTA TACOMA 0.080
11. 2015 SUBARU FORESTER 0.085
12. 2013 HONDA CR-V 0.089
13. 2015 TOYOTA TACOMA 0.092
14. 2016 MAZDA CX-5 0.095
15. 2018 CHEVROLET EQUINOX 0.097
16. 2018 FORD ESCAPE 0.103
17. 2017 HONDA PILOT 0.108
18. 2017 HONDA RIDGELINE 0.109
19. 2019 DODGE GRAND CARAVAN 0.109
20. 2015 HONDA CIVIC 0.112
21. 2016 HONDA ACCORD 0.112
22. 2015 TOYOTA SIENNA 0.113
23. 2014 TOYOTA TACOMA 0.113
24. 2015 TOYOTA RAV4 0.119
25. 2015 SUBARU LEGACY 0.120
26. 2018 FORD F150 0.123
27. 2018 JEEP WRANGLER UNLIMITED 0.125
28. 2018 GMC SIERRA 0.125
29. 2017 NISSAN ROGUE 0.127
30. 2012 HONDA CR-V 0.128
31. 2019 CHEVROLET SILVERADO 0.129
32. 2017 HYUNDAI SANTA FE SPORT 0.130
33. 2019 JEEP CHEROKEE 0.130
34. 2014 HONDA CIVIC 0.134
35. 2018 CHEVROLET SILVERADO 0.134
36. 2014 TOYOTA RAV4 0.134
37. 2014 SUBARU OUTBACK 0.134
38. 2013 TOYOTA RAV4 0.135
39. 2018 FORD F250 0.144
40. 2014 SUBARU FORESTER 0.146
41. 2010 LEXUS RX 0.147
42. 2015 HONDA ACCORD 0.151
43. 2013 TOYOTA TACOMA 0.153
44. 2014 TOYOTA SIENNA 0.154
45. 2016 MAZDA 6 0.154
46. 2013 TOYOTA SIENNA 0.154
47. 2018 FORD FUSION 0.159
48. 2019 RAM 1500 0.161
49. 2012 TOYOTA SIENNA 0.163
50. 2018 VOLKSWAGEN ATLAS 0.164
51. 2016 CHEVROLET SUBURBAN 0.166
52. 2017 FORD F150 0.169
53. 2001 DODGE Ram 2500 0.172
54. 2016 MERCEDES-BENZ C 0.173
55. 2018 RAM 1500 0.175
56. 2014 SUBARU LEGACY 0.179
57. 2017 JEEP GRAND CHEROKEE 0.180
58. 2018 TOYOTA COROLLA 0.185
59. 2016 HONDA PILOT 0.185
60. 2018 RAM 2500 0.185
61. 2001 BUICK LESABRE 0.189
62. 2016 TOYOTA TUNDRA 0.190
63. 2014 HONDA ACCORD 0.199
64. 2015 MAZDA 3 0.201
65. 2018 CHEVROLET TRAVERSE 0.205
66. 2016 LAND ROVER RANGE ROVER SPORT 0.205
67. 2013 HONDA CIVIC 0.205
68. 2015 TOYOTA PRIUS 0.207
69. 2015 MERCEDES-BENZ C 0.212
70. 2017 VOLKSWAGEN TIGUAN 0.217
71. 2011 TOYOTA SIENNA 0.217
72. 2016 NISSAN MAXIMA 0.218
73. 2016 NISSAN ROGUE 0.219
74. 2014 SUBARU XV CROSSTREK 0.221
75. 2016 FORD EXPLORER 0.222
76. 2000 FORD F250 0.228
77. 2015 HONDA FIT 0.229
78. 2013 TOYOTA PRIUS 0.229
79. 2017 KIA SPORTAGE 0.230
80. 2018 DODGE CHARGER 0.231
81. 2010 TOYOTA HIGHLANDER 0.231
82. 2017 FORD EXPEDITION 0.232
83. 2014 TOYOTA PRIUS 0.233
84. 2018 HYUNDAI ELANTRA 0.234
85. 2015 NISSAN ROGUE 0.238
86. 2011 TOYOTA TACOMA 0.244
87. 2017 NISSAN PATHFINDER 0.245
88. 2000 DODGE Ram 2500 0.246
89. 2011 MERCEDES-BENZ E 0.247
90. 2014 TOYOTA TUNDRA 0.248
91. 1999 DODGE Ram 2500 0.252
92. 2015 TOYOTA TUNDRA 0.255
93. 2017 FORD F350 0.256
94. 2015 FORD Transit Connect 0.256
95. 2014 MAZDA 3 0.256
96. 2017 TOYOTA CAMRY 0.259
97. 2016 HONDA FIT 0.261
98. 2014 AUDI A6 0.261
99. 2018 FORD FOCUS 0.262
100. 2017 VOLKSWAGEN JETTA 0.263

(The Top 100 Vehicles in the U.S. (MY 1996-2020) with the lowest average “check engine”-related repair costs reported from Oct. 1, 2019 to Sept. 30, 2020)

Rank Year Make Model Average “Check Engine” Light-Related Repair Cost
1. 2018 HYUNDAI TUCSON $33.80
2. 2019 SUBARU IMPREZA $37.74
3. 2016 MERCEDES-BENZ GLE $39.79
4. 2017 MITSUBISHI MIRAGE $57.14
5. 2018 KIA SOUL $69.69
6. 2017 MITSUBISHI OUTLANDER SPORT $72.56
7. 2019 HONDA HR-V $73.45
8. 2017 HYUNDAI TUCSON $75.35
9. 2018 SUBARU LEGACY $78.09
10. 2017 SUBARU LEGACY $79.93
11. 2019 TOYOTA COROLLA $91.66
12. 2019 TOYOTA 4RUNNER $91.88
13. 2018 DODGE DURANGO $92.37
14. 2018 MITSUBISHI OUTLANDER SPORT $94.49
15. 2019 VOLKSWAGEN TIGUAN $94.70
16. 2019 BMW X3 $94.83
17. 2019 VOLKSWAGEN JETTA $97.92
18. 2018 HYUNDAI KONA $99.33
19. 2019 JEEP GRAND CHEROKEE $99.47
20. 2017 HONDA HR-V $100.60
21. 2019 KIA SORENTO $101.54
22. 2016 TOYOTA CAMRY $106.82
23. 2017 KIA NIRO $107.86
24. 2016 HYUNDAI TUCSON $108.13
25. 2019 DODGE DURANGO $108.40
26. 2018 CHEVROLET TRAX $110.06
27. 2019 CHEVROLET IMPALA $115.47
28. 2019 BUICK ENCORE $117.76
29. 2017 GMC ACADIA LIMITED $120.35
30. 2017 CHEVROLET TRAX $121.52
31. 2019 KIA SPORTAGE $124.03
32. 2015 TOYOTA PRIUS C $124.08
33. 2019 KIA OPTIMA $124.17
34. 2019 JEEP COMPASS $124.35
35. 2015 MERCEDES-BENZ ML $127.41
36. 2016 LINCOLN MKX $128.32
37. 2019 CHEVROLET MALIBU $130.25
38. 2014 TOYOTA PRIUS C $132.19
39. 2017 TOYOTA CAMRY $133.99
40. 2017 CHEVROLET TRAVERSE $134.81
41. 2019 TOYOTA TUNDRA $134.82
42. 2019 CHEVROLET TRAX $135.27
43. 2018 JEEP GRAND CHEROKEE $135.53
44. 2017 TOYOTA COROLLA $136.35
45. 2015 TOYOTA CAMRY $136.86
46. 2018 HONDA ACCORD $137.31
47. 2019 GMC ACADIA $137.41
48. 2015 HYUNDAI GENESIS $137.50
49. 2019 GMC TERRAIN $140.40
50. 2011 KIA OPTIMA $140.74
51. 2019 HYUNDAI KONA $141.27
52. 2017 BMW X3 $141.78
53. 2016 KIA FORTE $143.09
54. 2018 TOYOTA 4RUNNER $143.45
55. 2018 NISSAN FRONTIER $144.03
56. 2019 NISSAN FRONTIER $144.17
57. 2016 GMC ACADIA $145.33
58. 2019 NISSAN SENTRA $145.64
59. 2018 SUBARU IMPREZA $145.74
60. 2017 TOYOTA RAV4 HV $145.93
61. 2019 MAZDA CX-5 $147.37
62. 2009 KIA OPTIMA $147.75
63. 2017 KIA SOUL $147.77
64. 2017 TOYOTA PRIUS $149.44
65. 2017 LINCOLN MKC $150.90
66. 2016 CHEVROLET TRAVERSE $150.91
67. 2018 TOYOTA COROLLA $151.94
68. 2018 JEEP COMPASS $153.01
69. 2018 TOYOTA RAV4 $154.38
70. 2019 FORD EDGE $155.42
71. 2015 MINI COOPER $155.70
72. 2017 DODGE DURANGO $155.88
73. 2019 NISSAN PATHFINDER $157.47
74. 2015 CHEVROLET IMPALA LIMITED $158.21
75. 2011 KIA SPORTAGE $159.09
76. 2013 HYUNDAI ELANTRA GT $160.49
77. 2016 TOYOTA RAV4 HV $161.04
78. 2016 HONDA HR-V $161.85
79. 2015 KIA FORTE $162.17
80. 2018 MAZDA CX-9 $162.60
81. 2014 CHEVROLET IMPALA LIMITED $164.69
82. 2013 MERCEDES-BENZ ML $165.53
83. 2010 HYUNDAI SONATA $166.22
84. 2013 KIA FORTE $168.24
85. 2013 TOYOTA PRIUS C $168.72
86. 2016 CHEVROLET COLORADO $168.95
87. 2013 KIA SPORTAGE $169.17
88. 2019 FORD F150 $169.69
89. 2018 GMC TERRAIN $170.10
90. 2018 KIA SPORTAGE $170.41
91. 2016 MINI COOPER $171.13
92. 2017 MITSUBISHI OUTLANDER $171.14
93. 2016 TOYOTA COROLLA $171.89
94. 2014 TOYOTA CAMRY $172.43
95. 2017 GMC TERRAIN $172.67
96. 2019 CHEVROLET COLORADO $172.87
97. 2013 MERCEDES-BENZ GLK $173.09
98. 2019 CHEVROLET EQUINOX $173.32
99. 2015 GMC ACADIA $173.50
100. 2012 HYUNDAI TUCSON $174.73
hoa2020 CarMD Make & Model Rankings